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VO2 max test. Sportswoman with mask running on treadmill. Female athlete in sports science

VO2 Max Testing


Unlock your true potential with comprehensive VO2 max testing, offering valuable insights into your cardiovascular fitness and endurance levels.  Track changes in VO2 max over time to stay engaged in your health and fitness routine.

What is VO2 Max Testing and why should you do it?


VO2 max testing dives into the world of aerobic capacity, essentially measuring your body's ENGINE at its peak. Here's the science behind it:


The core principle: VO2 max stands for "maximum volume of oxygen." During exercise, your muscles demand more oxygen to function. A VO2 max test measures the maximum amount of oxygen your body can utilize while you push yourself to the limit.


Test Procedure: Typically, you'll be on a treadmill or stationary bike wearing a mask connected to a machine analyzing your expired air. The intensity gradually increases, and the machine monitors your oxygen intake, heart rate, and breathing rate. The test continues until you reach exhaustion or your oxygen consumption plateaus (indicating your body can't use any more oxygen).


What it reveals: By measuring your peak oxygen intake, the test provides a gold-standard assessment of your aerobic fitness. A higher VO2 max signifies a more efficient cardiovascular system and better endurance.


Beyond VO2 max: Testing @ Blue Zone Longevity goes beyond just obtaining VO2 max. Our testing also determines 2 different ventilatory thresholds VT1 which is your aerobic threshold and VT2 which is your anaerobic threshold.  These values are extremely important as it will provide you science-backed data to guage your current fitness level, design a more effective training program, track progress over time and determine optimal training zones.  Whether your goals are to improve performance, become healthier, or lose weight.  We have you covered.

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VO2 Max and Longevity

There's a strong scientific connection between VO2 max testing and longevity. Here's how:

VO2 Max as a Marker of Cardiovascular Health:

Cardiovascular Fitness and Longevity: Research has shown that good cardiovascular health is a strong predictor of longevity. VO2 max is a key indicator of cardiovascular fitness, reflecting how efficiently your body delivers oxygen to your muscles during exercise. A higher VO2 max signifies a more robust cardiovascular system.

Lower Mortality Risk with Higher VO2 Max:

Studies and Statistics: Studies have found a clear link between VO2 max and mortality risk. People with higher VO2 max tend to have a lower risk of death from all causes, including heart disease, cancer, and other chronic illnesses. For instance, research suggests a 1 ml/kg/min improvement in VO2 max can reduce your all-cause mortality risk by 9%.

Maintaining VO2 Max for Long-Term Benefits:

VO2 Max and Aging: While VO2 max naturally declines with age, consistent exercise can significantly slow down this decline. Regularly engaging in activities like running, swimming, or cycling can help you maintain a higher VO2 max throughout your life, potentially leading to a longer lifespan.

Beyond Just a Number:

VO2 Max as a Motivational Tool: Knowing your VO2 max can be a motivator to improve your fitness. Tracking changes in VO2 max over time can provide a sense of accomplishment and encourage you to maintain a healthy exercise routine, ultimately contributing to longevity


Considerations and Limitations:

VO2 max is a significant indicator, but it's not the sole determinant of longevity. Genetics, diet, and other lifestyle factors also play a crucial role.

Focus on Improvement:

The focus should be on improving your VO2 max, not necessarily achieving a specific number. Even small improvements can translate to significant health benefits.

VO2 Max and Performance


VO2 max is a superstar metric for endurance athletes, offering a gold-standard assessment of their aerobic capacity. Here's how VO2 max plays a crucial role for performance athletes:

VO2 Max: The Engine Capacity

  • Think of VO2 max as the maximum volume of oxygen your body can utilize during intense exercise. It essentially reflects how efficiently your body delivers oxygen to your working muscles.

  • A higher VO2 max signifies a more powerful aerobic engine, allowing you to sustain higher exercise intensities for longer durations. This translates to better performance in endurance sports like running, cycling, swimming, and cross-country skiing.

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Track and Field Athlete

VO2 Max Benchmarks for Athletes

  • Elite vs. Average: World-class endurance athletes can reach VO2 max levels of 80-90 ml/kg/min, while a good amateur athlete might have a VO2 max around 60 ml/kg/min. The average untrained person would score much lower.

VO2 Max and Training Benefits

  • Knowing your VO2 max allows you to tailor your training program for optimal results. You can target specific zones based on a percentage of your VO2 max to improve different aspects of your endurance:

  • Low-intensity training zones (around 60% VO2 max) build your aerobic base, crucial for long-distance events.

  • Moderate-intensity zones (70-80% VO2 max) enhance your lactate threshold, the point where lactic acid starts to accumulate, affecting performance.

  • High-intensity training zones (over 80% VO2 max) improve your VO2 max itself and your ability to perform at maximum effort during races.

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VO2 max test. Sportswoman with mask running on treadmill. Female athlete in sports science

Beyond VO2 Max for Athletes

  • While VO2 max is king, it's not the sole factor determining athletic performance. Other aspects like muscle efficiency, lactate threshold, running economy (energy cost of running), and mental toughness also play a significant role


Here are some additional points for performance athletes to consider:

  • VO2 max can improve with consistent training, but it has genetic limitations. Focus on maximizing your potential within those limits.

  • Regularly monitor your VO2 max to track progress and adjust your training plan accordingly.

  • By understanding and leveraging VO2 max, performance athletes can gain a significant edge in their training and race towards optimal performance.

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